Football is the most popular gamein the world. Interest huge. Hundreds of millions of people watch matches of idols. Demand growing constantly.
Of course for the specified sport can make a bet in a bookmaker’s office. Shortly tell history of football.
Development of discipline
Football originated several centuries BC. Disciplines with a ball were popular among citizens of different countries. They were applied in:
• Asian countries;
• Ancient Greece;
• Ancient Rome.
Inhabitants of Italy improved discipline. During the Middle Ages they introduced to the world the game «Calcio». With the development of trade relations, it came to the United Kingdom. Interest in discipline formed instantly. By Level of Interest «Calcio» beaten cricket.
Popularity public appeared not by chance. Game captivated with its dynamics. Passion on the court were serious. Such a scenario allowed rules of football:
1. 2 squads.
2. 25 people each.
3. 15 forwards.
4. Right to fight.
English created own rules. At first game wasn’t standardized. In some places allowed to throw ball with hands, in others it was forbidden.
The first attempt to standardization was made in 1846. Cases demanded immediate response. Representatives from several colleges entered the field on the field during the competition. Each athlete worked in accordance with known to himnorms. Outcome did not inspire optimism. However, athletes managed to fix a single set of rules.
First standardization turned out positive. Attention public increased. As a result in Great Britain formed the first special club. Team renamed «Sheffield». It happened in 1857.
After 6 years formed The Football Association of England. It immediately created a standard code of rules games.
Gradually the game improved. Created conditions for the field. Approved dimensions of the gate.
Important year is 1871. At that time originated the FA Cup. Tournament — oldest in the class.
1891 — year appearances in football kick from 11 meters. However, from current specified strike different. Now take penalties from fixed spot. Earlier moment was done from the line.
Discipline improved. Interest grew. According to the results in the 1880s, the number of clubs passed over a hundred. Among the public began to arise speculations. Many athletes felt that a number of rosters pay members salary. At that time disciplines could be only amateur. According to the results rules changed. They introduced a clause prohibiting athletes have a salary.
Started sequence denunciations. Teams accused each other. Some clubs left the league. After time requirement postponed.
Growth of trade increased penetration of football to Europe. Following the results sport became regulated at the international level. FIFA originated in beginning of the last century. At first association included 7 countries.
Standard norms on equipment did not exist. Players was required to wear:
• hat or top hat;
• long stockings;
Standard established later. For the first time footballers played without license plates. They appeared only in 1939.
Starting international tournament took place at the beginning of the last century. Discipline included to the Olympic Games. Participated total England, France, Belgium.
The heyday of the sport occurred in the 1950. In the world started playing Pele, Yashin and other players.