Everywhere in the world women live longer than men — but this was not always the case. The available data from rich countries shows that women didn’t live longer than men in the 19th century. Why do women live so longer than men in the present, and why has this advantage increased in the past? The evidence is sketchy and we have only partial answers. We know that biological, behavioral and environmental factors play a role in the fact that women are healthier than men; however, we do not know what the contribution of each factor is.

We know that women are living longer than males, regardless of weight. But this isn’t because of certain non-biological factors have changed. These factors are changing. Some are well known and relatively straightforward, like the fact that men smoke more often. Some are more complex. For example, there is evidence that in rich countries the female advantage increased in part because infectious diseases used to affect women disproportionately a century ago, so advances in medicine that reduced the long-term health burden from infectious diseases, especially for survivors, https://glorynote.com/%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%AE%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%B3 — simply click the up coming website page — ended up raising women’s longevity disproportionately.

Everywhere in the world women tend to live longer than men

The first chart below shows life expectancy at birth for men and women. We can see that every country is above the line of parity diagonally. This implies that a baby girl in every country can anticipate to live longer than her brothers.

This graph shows that even though women enjoy an advantage throughout the world, the differences between countries could be significant. In Russia women have a longer life span than men, while in Bhutan the gap is less than half an hour.

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The advantage for women in life expectancy was smaller in developed countries than it is today.

Let’s examine how the female longevity advantage has changed in the course of time. The following chart shows the life expectancy of males and females when they were born in the US during the time period between 1790 and 2014. Two areas stand out.

The first is that there is an upward trend. Men and women living in America are living longer than they used to 100 years ago. This is in line with historical increases in life expectancy everywhere in the world.

The gap is getting wider: Although the female advantage in terms of life expectancy was quite small however, it has grown significantly in the past.

You can check if these points are also applicable to other countries with information by clicking on the «Change country» option on the chart. This includes the UK, France, and Sweden.1 year ago

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